Mark Federman vid University of Toronto hör till dem som problematiserat den traditionella vetenskapens dominans på kunskapsproduktionsområdet. I en föreläsning han höll ifjol lyfter han fram otillräckligheten i en uteslutande vetenskaplig kunskapsproduktion i en värld som alltid varit komplex, men blir allt mera komplex för varje dag som går:

“The creation of knowledge can no longer be restricted to the exclusive, privileged purview of universities and other officially sanctioned research institutes. As useful as it may be, evidentiary-based research is but one source of knowledge, reflecting only one way of knowing. It is, by its nature and design, deterministic. In contrast, the world – and especially humanity within it – is complex. Thus, more complex approaches to the construction of knowledge and knowledge authority must be undertaken.

Complex problems need approaches that acknowledge and account for the complexity of interactions within both biological and human systems. We must begin by reconsidering how we understand the nature of knowledge itself. A modest proposal to change the context of the conversation: rather than a compendium of proven facts, consider knowledge as a process of creating emergent meaning and collective understanding from amongst complex, interacting contexts. The implications of this shift include rethinking our approach to authority, truth, compliance, applicability, politics, relationships of power, and the approach to creating new knowledge itself.”

Federman konstaterar att en värld som kännetecknas av “ubiquitous connectivity and pervasive proximity” kräver ett annat kunskapsparadigm.

Ett steg på vägen mot kunskapandet?